Rose flower is a woody perennial flowering plant of the genus Rosa, in the family Rosaceae, or the flower it bears. There are over three hundred species and tens of thousands of cultivars. They form a group of plants that can be erect shrubs, climbing, or trailing, with stems that are often armed with sharp prickles. Wikipedia

READ ALSO: Roses colours and their meaning.

Scientific name: Rosa

Family: Rosaceae

Order: Rosales

Kingdom: Plantae

Higher classification: Rosoideae

Rank: Genus

Around 13,000 varieties of roses have been identified across the world.

PAPER ROSES: You can save money, YET still look fabulous

The association of red roses with love dates back to the mythological Greek goddess of love, Aphrodite, who is often depicted with roses around her head.

However, according to a legend, it is the crimson blood of her dead lover Adonis that turned the white roses on her head to red.

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Below are 10 amazing things you never knew about rose flowers:

  • Did you know that an open rose symbolizes a relationship that has blossomed into love, while a closed bud stands for undeclared affection?
  • For Valentine’s Day, about 100 million roses are grown throughout the world every year.
  • There are more than hundred species of roses and each differs from the other in terms of colour and shape.
  • Rose oil is one of the most expensive and precious essential oils. It takes around 2,268 kilograms (5,000 pounds) of fresh petals to make approximately 455 millilitres (one pound) of oil.
  • According to the Guinness Book of World Records, also, roses are the oldest species of flowers that have been grown and used for decoration.
  • Rose is the official flower of four U.S. states – Georgia, Iowa, New York and North Dakota. Since 1986, so, it is also the U.S.’s national flower.
  • Except for the species of “Rosa sericea,” which has four petals, almost all single-rose species have five petals.
  • Meanwhile, the tallest rose bush in the world, at over 5 meters (18 feet), was grown by Christopher Rose in La Puente, California, U.S. The bush is a hybrid tea rose variety, known as “Bewitched.”
  • To prevent roses from getting diseases such as black spot, or grey and sooty mould, regularly feed and water them.
  • The Juliet rose, also known as the “£3 million rose,” is the most expensive in the world. The famous rose breeder David Austin developed the hybrid variety in 15 years.